Presente y Futuro de la Selva Lacandona

Editorial

 

La sociedad mexicana se ha caracterizado en las últimas tres décadas por tener un bajo crecimiento económico que ha reducido dramáticamente las oportunidades de amplios sectores de la población, particularmente el de los jóvenes. De igual manera, la falta de cohesión social derivada de lo anterior y la crisis de gobernabilidad que atraviesa el Estado, han propiciado situaciones graves de inseguridad cuya extensión en más de la mitad del territorio nacional es alarmante.


En este contexto, se suman la falta de políticas eficientes, ligadas a resultados, en las distintas regiones que integran la diversidad en el país, donde el estado de Chiapas destaca por su pobreza y ofensiva desigualdad social. Otro factor importante son las instituciones políticas caracterizadas por la corrupción e impunidad, lo que propicia que la ley no se respete; particularmente  en la Selva Lacandona, donde grupos delictivos buscan obtener beneficios ilegítimos arrasando con el capital natural  de una zona protegida por decreto presidencial desde 1978.


A contra corriente y con el apoyo de las comunidades dueñas de la selva (comuneros y ejidatarios choles, tzeltales y lacandones),  desde hace más de treinta años, un grupo de biólogos y ambientalistas comprometidos, liderados por la Dra. Julia Caravias, fundaron "Natura y Ecosistemas Mexicanos, A.C." (Natura Mexicana). Construyeron la Estación Chajul en la Reserva de la Biosfera Montes Azules de la Selva Lacandona,  convirtiéndola en un espacio de conservación de un ecosistema excepcional, pulmón de México, que trabaja por la  restauración de las áreas destruidas de bosques y selvas,  por la protección de la flora y la fauna y la promoción de proyectos productivos respetando los ecosistemas para combatir la pobreza y garantizar el desarrollo sustentable de la Selva.


El reciente secuestro de la Dra. Julia Caravias en la madrugada del 28 de abril en la Estación Chajul, representa un evento delictivo reprobable, no solo por la injusticia ilegal cometida en contra de la destacada luchadora social, sino también, por la evidente motivación de los delincuentes: saquear el capital natural de la región.


Es responsabilidad de las respectivas autoridades federales, estatales y municipales esclarecer este acto delictivo y proceder inmediatamente con firmeza conforme a derecho para resarcir el daño individual causado y el perjuicio colectivo implícito. También es necesario impulsar políticas productivas y sociales detonadoras de nuevas oportunidades, principalmente para los jóvenes, que den dinamismo al desarrollo regional y reduzcan las presiones de invasión  sobre la Selva Lacandona.


Es responsabilidad también de las universidades manifestarse a favor de la ciencia y la aplicación del conocimiento, por el respeto al Estado de derecho y la participación social, y pronunciarse a favor de la Reserva de la Biosfera de Montes Azules y la Selva Lacandona. Desde este espacio lanzamos esta convocatoria.


En esta coyuntura es indispensable la participación organizada de la sociedad, para exigir con urgencia la aplicación de la ley a quienes, buscando sólo su provecho personal, secuestran, despojan y saquean los recursos naturales. Es igualmente importante, el trabajo visionario de liderazgos auténticos, como el de la Dra. Julia Caravias,  que procuran la renovación institucional donde se fundamente el futuro promisorio de cada región, con el compromiso integral de Cambiar México.



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  • René Galindo Orozco  - Cuidado de nuestro ecosistema
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Dr. Jesús Ancer Rodríguez
Cambiar México
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Una coedición de la UANL,
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Parte 2
El compromiso de la UANL y el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2012-2018
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Presentan aportaciones de la UANL al Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2013-2018
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Acuerdo Social para la Igualdad
y la Erradicación de la Pobreza